Bursitis of the big toe: symptoms, treatment and PR aspects

Bursitis of the big toe refers to a fairly common disease. It happened because of the special hallux valgus, which is characterized by the curvature, and often due to a genetic predisposition, but sometimes it is the result of professional activity (ballerina, sellers, hairdressers, etc.). Wrong diagnosis and delayed treatment of acute forms can lead to chronic, which greatly aggravate the condition of the patient. In this case, only cut and avoid it, you need to know the causes, symptoms and prevention of this disease.

The causes of the disease

There are many factors that trigger the development of bursitis. But literally they all affect the same process inside of the big toe joint of the foot: as a result of mechanical impact events in a defensive reaction (the build-up of fluid), which leads to the inflammation process, i.e. bursitis. Traumatic exposure may be of different types:

  • the transverse and longitudinal flat feet (one of the main reasons);
  • deformity of the foot or toes at birth;
  • congenital disorder or weakness in the joint of the big toe;
  • flat feet;
  • diseases of the joints (arthritis, arthrosis);
  • wearing uncomfortable, narrow, cramped, and pointy toe shoes.
Bursitis of the big toe

Causes accumulation of fluid in the joint:

  • injury of the big toe joint of the foot;
  • obesity;
  • fractures, cracks that are overgrown for a long time;
  • the lack or excess of calcium;
  • wearing shoes with solid material;
  • allergic reactions in the body, because the change of climate zones;
  • autoimmune diseases (affecting the joints, if not in time to prevent the primary diagnosis);
  • infection of the thumb;
  • intoxication;
  • the disease leads to destruction of articular tissues (psoriasis, tuberculosis, reactive arthritis).

Due to the gradual growth of bursitis in the big toe joint capsule becomes inflamed, the joints of the abdominal cavity accumulates fluid (exudate), which in the future may appear rotten. Insidious disease is that a person begins to experience pain and immediately notice pathology at a later stage.

The classification of the disease

Bursitis of the current distribution:

  • sharp;
  • subacute;
  • chronic;
  • repeated.
Bursitis of the big toe classification of the disease

Experts stressed also the stage of the disease: primary, secondary and heavy. It depends on the curvature, the nature of pain and the size of the bumps.

1 the Curvature of the big toe gradually

Depending on the presence and type of inflammation of the articular capsule is divided into:

  • nonspecific — as a result of injuries;
  • a special complex of any infection (tuberculosis, gonorrhea, syphilis, etc.).

Depending on the nature of the resulting exudate may be:

  • purulent;
  • serous;
  • hemorrhagic (exudes impurities of red blood cells);
  • purulent-hemorrhagic.

Symptoms and diagnosis

Among the symptoms, is early and late. At the beginning are:

  • change the shape of the joint of the big toe;
  • pain when you walk long foot and lower leg;
  • the old shoe is a comfortable, small;
  • is coni thumb to form calluses that cause discomfort;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • swelling of the legs;
  • lethargy and fatigue;
  • nausea;
  • to reduce the mobility of the joint;
  • redness of the skin in the affected area.

For bursitis of the big toe characterized by a visible increase in the size of the joint, swelling in a circular shape and elastic consistency (can be up to 8-9 cm).

Late signs are:

  • the development of septic bursitis;
  • constant pain at rest and walking short distances;
  • change in shape of the joint — deviation of the big toe outward. This is contrary to the shock absorption when walking, is formed in osteoarthritis, bursitis becomes chronic;
  • "on the bone" with the finger;
  • feet wide will form;
  • the deformed arch of the foot;
  • views of the only corns and calluses.

The disease diagnosis is based on visual inspection and medical history of the patient. So, the first stage of the warping angle of the joint is 20 degrees. A second or 20-30 with the advent of brief pain (for example. during walking), which is at rest. The third stage is characterized by the inability to wear usual footwear. The joint of the big toe deviates from 30-50 degrees. The fourth stage occurs in severe pain, limited mobility, and a strong change of the finger 50 degrees. In addition, the diagnosis involves blood test, x-ray, puncture of the joint.

To identify the disease in and of itself. You just need to do a little test: squat and move in this position a few metres away. Due to pain and indicates the presence of the disease.


People suffering from this disease, you'll need the right shoes. Orthopedic insoles-arch support and free-the nose of the chosen shoes will help make a comfortable and pain-free walking. Platform shoes should be chosen directly. It is recommended not to overload the foot and decrease the amount and intensity of exercise. From time to time lift your legs to reduce the swelling occurs during the day.

Medical and surgical treatment is only administered by a doctor doctor consultation. If you have had surgery, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy and superimposed plaster bandage.

In the initial stage recommended to use certain orthopedic insole, lining, supinatorov, boxes, tires, tires, shifters. Wearing special shoes. Addressed the implementation of therapeutic massages and salt baths with iodine to stop. All these activities are aimed at correcting the joint and correction of deformity. However, they should be appointed only the doctor-to the orthopedist, because the wrong treatment chosen can only worsen the situation.

Ineffectiveness or worsening of the patient's condition can be determined by medical and physical therapy. In the first case, I recommend the introduction of hydrocortisone (a hormone drug) to the area of the inflamed joint. In the second case, the most common treatments physiotherapy, acupuncture, body wraps, mud therapy and hirudotherapy. These methods to relieve the swelling in the joint, improve blood circulation and normalize muscle tone legs.

Bursitis of the big toe treatment

All the above mentioned methods are effective only in the initial stage of the disease and can be used for the prevention.

Surgery of bursitis of the big toe is a very common method of treatment. It is used to a significant deformation of the joint and often inflammation. The most common functions are:

  • osteotomy;
  • exostectomy;
  • arthrodesis;
  • repair of the transverse arch;
  • internal prosthesis;
  • resection arthroplasty.

The recovery period after surgery is long-lasting. Bed rest must be observed for 2 weeks, and return to everyday life is possible in six months. Although the surgical intervention, it is necessary to observe the necessary preventive measures.

The exception is the repair of the transverse arch of the foot. Currently it is the most painless way to restore the bones of the foot the best possible results and minimal side effects.

Modern medicine has become a very popular procedure laser treatment. The technology is expensive, but very effective.

With the increasing deformation of the joint of the foot action is the only way to solve the problem.

Alternative medicine

The early stages of the disease, you can use folk remedies.

Recipe No. 1

Baths of hay dust: 4 handfuls of herbs to boil for 30 minutes, after which the resulting broth soar feet for 15 minutes, the temperature should be below 37 degrees.

Recipe No. 2

Honey, vodka and aloe Vera juice in a ratio of 1:3:2 and apply five minutes to the affected area several times a day.

Recipe No. 3

Anointing of the sick area of the tincture of iodine 1 time a day.

Recipe No. 4

Decoction obtained from the burdock root, st. john's wort and yarrow, mixed in equal amounts, with a damp cheesecloth, and then put the big toe.

Recipe No. 5

You need the same amount to take the vinegar and honey, stir and spread evenly on the gauze. The resulting poultice applied to the affected area of the foot. The procedure recommended in the evening, when the gauze overnight.


To prevent disease, you need to:

  • avoid excessive physical exertion;
  • disinfect after getting abrasions, scratches;
  • wear comfortable orthopedic shoes;
  • diet;
  • carry out a complex of special exercises to strengthen the muscles of the legs;
  • before you exercise to stretch your joints and muscles;
  • avoid heels.

Most people with bursitis of the big toe is not a sufficient reason to go to the hospital. However, you can't neglect your health. Don't let the disease worsen and do not allow treatment before surgery.