Valgus deformity of the first toe, or Hallux abducto valgus is a common deformity of the foot. This is due to the disturbed biomechanics of the foot — simply put, wrong-foot and inadequate load. The main reason for the formation of "bumps" — the improper distribution of body weight during walking, which increases the load on the forefoot, on your toes. Most often it is the result of flat feet with the destruction of the cross-bow. The initial weakness of the muscle apparatus to stop is genetically determined, this is why so many bones in the thumb is a family problem: my grandmother had my mom and my daughter will be.
Other risk factors (besides genetics) that can serve as catalysts for the development of the "cones" are:
Valgus deformity may develop during adolescence and progress to adulthood. The emergence and development of the "bumps" accompanied by redness of the fingers from the friction and pain. The choice of shoes, when severe deformation of the legs becomes more complex.
You may have heard about the baths with chamomile, compresses and mesh with iodine, which, according to someone's plan, would have to eliminate "bumps" on the legs. Unfortunately, such tools do not work. The bone that sticks out on the big toe — orthopedic problems and rescue the only doctor.
In the initial stage of transformation can be used to treat. For example, the wearing of orthotic insoles, different interdigital ear and/or discharge of night brace for thumb.
To prevent deformation of the stop you need to approach the selection of running shoes rational. Give priority to comfortable footwear that does not restrict your foot, the heel, 4 cm, and avoid high heels. Exercise and training the muscles of the foot with the help of special exercises.
When expressed deformation of the foot is necessary to resort to surgical methods of treatment. All is not as easy as they tell in the commercials, therefore, if you decide for this step, you will need to seek professional, specialized in surgery of the leg, with years of experience and a greater number of successful business. A doctor who specializes in the detection, treatment and prevention of disorders of the foot and the lower leg is called a podiatrist.
To correct the deformity and reduce the first corner, you can use different types of osteotomies (cuts or artificial bone fracture). Often during surgery, the bone is fixed with special screws.
Thanks to modern technology patients can walk in a special Shoe on the second day after the operation, but to predict the full rehabilitation period is not possible: in any case, it is individual, a lot depends on the amount of adjusted bone. Just keep in mind that even after the "easy" surgery recovery time is around eight weeks. The older the patient, the slower the fused bones.
The risk that you will need a second procedure, to predict difficult, but it is. This is the reason why this surgery as an osteotomy should be done only for medical reasons when objectively the impact on quality of life: for example, due to deformation of the foot painful to walk, the result is that up to long walks or sports — is inherently harmful to health, risk of surgery is justified.
If you only from an aesthetic point of view, didn't like how the bone sticks, it is much safer, if you want to change the style of clothing and consequently shoes. Sometimes you may need special orthopedic shoes to bring.