PLANO — valgus deformity of the foot in the child: can I fix and how to treat

Hallux valgus in a child

1 Valgus of the foot, what is it

PLANO-valgus deformity is a defect of the foot in which its arch is reduced and the axis becomes ud X-shaped. The toes are developed and the heel outwards, the middle part of the foot is lowered. Walking becomes awkward, the kid, he tires easily and complains of pain in the legs.

At home, parents know what it is – valgus of the foot, you can easily check whether their crumbs this error. If you want to do this, simply ask him to stand up straight and the impact on the knees. In this position the distance between the inner edges of the ankles must be more than 5 cm.

If we look at the child's feet, even the "naked eye" is looking, as the foot collapses inwards, and the legs look like the letter "X", as shown in fig.

Flat feet can be represented in different levels depending on the degree of deviations from the arch of the foot:

  • from 10 to 15 degrees – this error can be easily corrected;
  • from 15 to 20 degrees – you will need to make an effort to correct the deformation;
  • from 20 to 30 degrees – you need a long complex treatment;
  • more than 30 degrees may require surgical intervention to remove the defect.

Depending on the causes of the disease, flat feet is of two types:

  • congenital (violation of the form of the bones and their location is still in the womb);
  • acquired (weakness of the muscles and ligaments, as well as other factors, which lead to the deformation of the foot during the period when a child starts to learn walking).

Up to what age can correct the valgus foot in children

If your child is diagnosed with "flat-valgus foot" position fix can be up to 14-15 years. Before this time the child is in the account at the orthopedist and regularly carry out the treatment. How to fix it, read on. Make sure that you will succeed, because if you read these lines, then on the right track.

The treatment of valgus feet in a child

The course of treatment depends on the age of the child and the degree of which has reached its development of the deformation. If the flat is congenital, its diagnosis using special techniques:

  • computer plantography – the doctor explores the parameters of the foot;
  • Ultrasound;
  • podometry – a computer study, to determine the nature of the foot and the pressure on the individual parts.

If pathology is detected, for the treatment of used tyres, which allows to determine the extremities.


Older children therapeutic course includes a number of procedures. Great importance is attached to the foot bath. The temperature of the water for the process, which is about 40 degrees. Add some sea salt and keep your feet in the foot bath for half an hour.

Foot bath

In a container of water to enhance the effect, you can put a massage pad and ask the child to walk on it. The treatment strengthens the muscles and does not create additional load on the legs.

Do not ignore this, at first sight unnecessary procedure, the effect is worth it.


Massage is another way of relieving muscle tension making muscles and ligaments stronger and more supple. Improves blood circulation and normalizes the development of the limbs. Get rid of PLANO-valgus of the foot, it is necessary for a back massage, then move to the lower back and buttocks, then legs to feet (at the end of the article will be a detailed video about the art of massage and gymnastics):

  • First, perform a stroking motion at the back of the neck. Then bend your fingers and RUB the back, moving one hand up and the other down. Complete the process rubbing motion.
  • Massage in the lumbar part of the spine of the perform.
  • In the gluteal region follow the pats with the back of your fingers or do the pats.
  • The foot massage from the hips to the dimples under the knees, after exercise the entire back of the leg.
  • In the lower part of the leg area to focus on relaxation, movement, massage, and shake.
  • During foot massage, special attention to remove the notch between the heel and the toes, which are used, rubbing and stroking.

Along with the massage and the bath used physiotherapy:

  • ozocerite baths or boots;
  • wrap with wax;
  • electrophoresis;
  • swimming;
  • Physiotherapy
  • acupuncture;
  • Exercise;
  • electrical stimulation;
  • walk on the gravel, the sand, barefoot on the Mat;
  • the magnetic therapy.

At home, if you can't visit a specialist, you can do the exercises:

  • Contact feet inner soles.
  • Bend your back on your feet.
  • Bend the sole.
  • Bend the toes.
  • Capture only a small toy, pencils, pens (massage therapists even suggest that the colors, at the onset of the pencil).
  • The rotation of the leg.

If you have the opportunity to attend classes at the medical center and see how to treat flat feet in gymnastics is a big plus, because you can perform these exercises at home without assistance.

Special shoes

A required element of the treatment – special shoes, called "orthopedic". Its main difference from regular running shoes is that the internal side of the foot on the insole of the prison that support the arch and correct position.

The maximum heel is attached, the foot is limited. The best is that running shoes are specially designed for your child. If this is not possible, the purchase of standard orthotic devices or insoles, which can be placed into regular shoes.


In severe cases, to eliminate the bending of the use of surgery. There are several types of surgery, but the essence of them is that the ties that are either trimmed or are attached to the bone, in order to reduce their mobility.

Performance against the children, that are used rarely: in most cases a good result can be achieved by the application of preventive methods.