Causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention complanatis feet deformity in children

Complanatis child's foot can cause uncomfortable symptoms, but they also have many negative consequences, if the time does not begin to heal the pathology. The pathology may arise during the development of the embryo in the womb and in the growth of the child up to 3-5 years. In the first year of a child's life on your body (especially on the musculoskeletal system), which has a very high load. In this period the child develops, learns to sit, crawl, stand and walk. Due to various factors, can develop complanatis of the foot that sometimes the visual can be undetected.


The disease can occur on the background of existing of flatfoot that usually occurs in all children up to the age of three. Formation of hallux valgus foot of the child, which ends at 5 years. At this age it becomes visually noticeable signs of hallux valgus of the foot, which often occur when walking children. In order to prevent the unwanted effects of the disease, you should consult with a orthopedist or surgeon for diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms complanatis feet deformity in children

Complanatis stop the symptoms in children can be expressed visually and manifest as pain. Symptoms, which can be Expressed hallux valgus deformation of the leg include:

  • the curvature of the foot inward when walking;
  • pain in the limbs (most often the shows with the end of the day);
  • headache;
  • the curvature of the posture of the child;
  • plump, plump foot.

Complanatis talipes can occur for several reasons. In the first place, the precipitating factor in the development of pvds is dysplasia of joints, in which there is a weakening of the ties. As shown in the statistics, valgus of the foot is observed that more boys (50%) than girls (35%). Obese children can also be a positive factor for the development of complanatis deformation.

Hallux valgus development of the foot can be observed on a number of factors:

  • the deformation of the knee;
  • rickets;
  • chronic diseases, due to which the baby is forced to spend a lot of time in bed. As a result, muscles weaken, and any further load on them may cause deformation of the feet;
  • injury to your feet or ankle;
  • mismatched shoes, etc

In the first two years of the child's development abnormal gait, and thick stop will be the normal factors, but if after this period the changes do not occur, the doctor should be consulted.

Early signs of a potential development complanatis of the foot can be attributed to the incorrect formation of the foot during walking, in which the child is not fully on the foot. Can occur external changes of the foot, where it will resemble an hourglass. The child may present with unsteady gait, fatigue when walking.

Diagnostic pathology


Because toddlers development and evolution of the musculoskeletal system lasts up to 6-7 years of age, when signs of the disease, the diagnosis sounds like a "hallux valgus of the foot". The term "flat feet" is replaced by the expression "hallux valgus" and if changes are made after the age of seven will not be the case, the disease is called "complanatis".

To avoid getting the disease in the chronic, in which fix something that would be very difficult, it is necessary during the growth of the child in the regular show that at the relevant doctor.

There are several degrees of hitting stop:

  1. For the first characteristic is a deviation of the foot to 15 degrees. These declines are not uncommon for many children. With timely proper approach are successfully adjusted, and in a fairly short period of time.
  2. For the second level is characterized by the deviation of the stop to 20 degrees. Changes of the feet in this case successfully is correctable, but a positive result will need to put a lot of effort.
  3. The third stage of the disease, which manifests itself in deviations of up to 30 degrees. Treatment will require a comprehensive and long-lasting.
  4. Deviations by more than 30 degrees, is typical for the fourth stage of the disease. So many mistake the foot is adjusted exclusively with the help of surgical procedure.

The diagnosis of disease based on visual inspection of the foot, submetry, and x-ray computer de plantography and ultrasound for the baby.

If time does not begin treatment and ignore the disease, in the future the child can develop a number of unpleasant disorders and diseases, such as arthritis, arthrosis, chronic pain in the limbs, osteochondrosis, scoliosis, clubfoot, curvature of the legs.

Methods and ways of treatment

If complanatis of the foot in children, treatment should be based on a medical examination, the rate of foot injury, the age of the child, etc., In the congenital form of the disease, if it is possible to diagnose at birth, it is necessary to start treatment immediately.

Treatment complanatis of the foot in infants is performed without the use of drugs, so afraid to damage the internal organs is not worth it. Especially as the treatment stopped in a small children use of corrective plaster bandage that the doctor puts on the baby's feet.

An important role in the treatment of valgus feet are massage, exercise therapy. To prevent the disease coming back after treatment, as prophylaxis prescribe comfortable shoes with a special insole.


Massage and medical gymnastics

A child's massage should be done after bathing or when the child is in a good mood. To massage the baby, placed in a horizontal position, and then movere in a circular motion to massage the lower leg and then foot. The foot massage is to be performed, fingers pressing lightly on the foot and draw a figure 8 on the foot to the toes when you press lightly compressed. This massage shows completely all the kiddies, to prevent the development of flatfoot.

You can put in a playpen or a bowl of tennis balls, and then to raise and set the child on them, simulating jumping. So will massirovala of the foot, plus a little fidget this exercise will bring a lot of positive emotions.

Older children may be required to perform the exercises, such as:

  1. Ask the child to become straight, then lift the toes up, the little rotating them inwards.
  2. The sliding movement necessary for the implementation of the toe of one leg, clasping it lightly, then repeat this on the other leg.
  3. In the sitting position, you should bend your legs, then lift the heel from the ground, first simultaneously, then alternately.
  4. You need to place on the floor, some small items, and then offer the child, grab it with your fingers and feet. As the subject, you can use the brush to paint, a pencil, a small ball, etc

Exercise is best done in the form of a game, don't focus on the word "need". After the exercises you can do, baby massage, adjusting the intensity of the pressure on the leg and foot.

If you want to learn how to do massage for the feet complanatis, you will need to visit a professional masseur. In addition, it is possible to drive the child or for the implementation of the massages at home.Through exercises and massage to strengthen the calf muscles, which play an important role in the formation of the arch of the foot.

Sometimes it is a very serious form of deformity, which is treated only with surgery. There are varieties of procedures that are used for the treatment of complanatis stop:

  1. The surgery, named after the scientist - Grice. The essence of the operation is to install a special insert in the leg of the child, which will help to lock the leg in the right position and not allow it to bend inwards.
  2. Operation in accordance with the method of Dobbs. When this manipulation is the imposition of a plaster bandage on the foot of the child, which further supplemented with K-wires. The procedure is carried out in several stages, and does not require incisions and no anesthesia.

Disease prevention

For the treatment of a disease, it is much more difficult than prevent the development of disease. If there is a genetic predisposition to the disease is necessary to observe the feet and the walking of the child much more than the disease, which tends to be transmitted genetically.

First of all you need to perform a visual inspection of the legs of the child, to look at the skin in the area of the foot to avoid injuries, redness. Parents should be alert and wrong, the clumsy gait of the child, which is observed after a long period of walking of the child.

Be sure to show the child the doctor several times a year. If there is no profile of a podiatrist, it is possible to show the child surgeon. The detection of predisposition to the disease, a medical examination, which should take place more often.

You need to choose the shoes of a guy that was high quality, with orthopaedic insole. The savings in footwear is highly questionable, because in the future will have to spend a lot more if the child will suffer and spend the money on treatment decisions through all of life.

Rickets has also become the leading cause of diseases affecting the joints. As the prevention of the disease and its negative consequences need to give baby vitamin D or a vitamin, and walks in the fresh air in Sunny weather.

After bathing and during a period of wakefulness of the child, it is necessary to massage the feet. At an early age, the joints in kids flexible plastic, so skillful movement, you can literally sculpt a beautiful and correct form. Thank you, that massage can relieve the child from the development of flatfoot, to remove the slight bending of the legs, which can be formed child in the womb as a result of the false presentations.

In the lovely summer weather, can be removed from the child's shoes and give him the opportunity to work on small stones, pebbles, that will a massage affect to the foot.

You can buy a special Mat with massage rollers, and then to offer the child to walk on every day for a few minutes.

If the curvature of the second stop and the third degree, baby shoes better to buy a special, medical institutions, specializing in the production of such products.

During the growth of the child will occur many diseases, you need not be afraid. Start timely treatment, there is a possibility for the future healthy life of the child.